Guralp Systems Limited
MSH-NAM-0003 - Güralp NAM Quick-Start Guide

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1. Introduction 2. Connections 3. Getting started 4. Accessories 5. Connector pin-outs 6. Specifications 7. Revision history

Section Index: 3.1. The console 3.2. Logging in 3.3. Switching on and off 3.4. Configuring networking 3.5. Using the web interface 3.6. Operation

Chapter 3. Getting started

These steps enable you to connect to and start using your Güralp NAM.

3.1 The console

The NAM can be controlled using either the web interface or the console. There are three alternative ways to access the console, any one of which may be used.

3.1.1 Video console

Connect a suitable display to either:

Connect either:

3.1.2 Serial console

Connect either a serial terminal or a PC/laptop running terminal emulation software to the RS232 console connector on the rear panel.

Configure the emulator for 115,200 Baud, 8 data bits, no parity bits and one stop bit (commonly referred to as “8-N-1”). Disable both hardware (XON/XOFF) and software (RTS/CTS) flow control.

3.1.3 SSH console

Switch on the NAM, as described in section 3.3, configure a network interface, as described in section 3.4, and then use an ssh client (such as the ssh command on Linux or PuTTY on Windows) to connect to the IP address of the NAM using TCP port 22.

3.2 Logging in

The default login name is root and the default password is guralp3. (Older units had a default password of rootme.) Note that the password is not displayed while you type it.

Note: The password must be changed if the unit is to be connected to the Internet. Refer to the Platinum manual, MAN-EAM-0003, for instructions regarding changing the password.

3.3 Switching on and off

3.3.1 Switching on

To switch on the NAM, connect a mains (line) power cable to the power inlet on the rear panel. The unit will start immediately.

3.3.2 Switching off

The NAM should be shut down before removing power. This can be done using the web interface, from the console or from the command line.

3.3.2.1 Switching off using the web interface

To safely shut down the NAM from the web interface, select “Reboot” from the “Control” menu. Click on the resulting screen. Wait until the green front panel power indicator has extinguished before removing power.

3.3.2.2 Switching off using the console or command line

To safely shut down the NAM from the console or command line, enter the command

poweroff

Wait until the green front panel power indicator has extinguished before removing power.

3.3.3 Restarting

If the NAM has been shut down without removing power, it can be restarted by briefly holding the front-panel power control in the '1' position.

3.3.4 Emergency shut-down

If it is not possible to shut down the NAM using the web interface or command line, it is possible to stop the system by holding the front-panel power control in the '1' position for a few seconds, until the green front panel power indicator extinguishes. Note that the system will not have had a chance to write any outstanding data to the storage media so some data may be lost.

3.4 Configuring networking

There are three ways in which your NAM can acquire a network address, DHCP, APIPA or static configuration.

3.4.1 DHCP

If the NAM is connected to a network which includes a DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) server, the NAM will automatically obtain an IP address from the server. The resulting address will be displayed in the LCD display on the front panel.

3.4.2 APIPA

Many modern systems support Automatic Private IP Address (APIPA) allocation (also known as “link-local addressing”). On networks without a DHCP server, computers can negotiate addresses in the range 169.254.0.0 to 169.254.254.255 (or in the block fe80::/64 for IPv6 systems). This scheme will, for example, allocate addresses to both systems if the NAM is connected directly to a laptop running Windows. The resulting address will be displayed in the LCD display on the front panel.

3.4.3 Static addressing

You can configure your NAM to use a static IP address from the command line: either from the console or over an SSH connection.

Log in and issue the following command:

nam999 ~ # ip addr add 192.168.0.1/24 dev eth0

replacing 192.168.0.1/24 with the desired IP address. It must be specified in CIDR format where the actual address is followed by the number of bits of the network mask. The above example uses 192.168.0.1 with a netmask of 255.255.255.0 (24 bits of network address). A PC connected to this network could communicate with the acquisition module if it was configured to use an IP address of (for example) 192.168.0.2 with a matching netmask of 255.255.255.0.

Note: IP addresses assigned using this method will be lost if the unit is rebooted. To permanently assign an IP address, use the net-setup command or refer to the Platinum manual, MAN-EAM-0003, available from www.guralp.com.

If you wish to connect to the NAM from a PC, they must either both be on the same subnet (usually the first three numbers of the IP address) or be able to connect to each other via routers.

In the latter case, you will need to tell the acquisition module the address of its default router. Please refer to the Platinum manual, MAN-EAM-0003, for more details.

3.4.4 Discovering dynamically allocated addresses

There are three ways to discover a dynamically allocated address. You can read it from the unit's LCD display, you can query it from the command line or you can use a broadcast address in Scream.

3.4.4.1 Using the command line

To use the command line, log in via the console or an SSH connection and issue the command:

ip addr show dev eth0

You will see output like

nam999 ~ # ip addr show dev eth0
2: eth0: <BROADCAST,MULTICAST,UP,LOWER_UP> mtu 1500 qdisc pfifo_fast qlen 1000
link/ether 00:50:c2:40:54:75 brd ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff
inet 192.168.0.101/24 brd 192.168.1.255 scope global eth0
inet6 fe80:250:c2ff:fe40:5475/64 scope link
valid_lft forever preferred_lft forever
nam999 ~ #

The first line of the output should contain the word UP, confirming that the adaptor has been enabled. The IP address that has been assigned is shown on the line beginning inet - in this case, it is 192.168.0.101 (with a netmask of 24-bits indicated by /24).

Substitute eth1 in place of eth0 to see the address of the second port.

3.4.4.2 Using Scream

Scream is a software package for Seismometer Configuration, Real-time Acquisition and Monitoring, developed by Güralp Systems. To obtain a free copy of Scream, please send an email to scream@guralp.com, describing briefly your equipment and the organisation for whom you are working. For more information , please visit www.guralp.com/scream.

To determine the IP address of your NAM(s), start Scream and open the network control window (+). Key to add a new UDP server and enter the address 255.255.255.255 – this is a broadcast address that will be recognised by all hosts on the network. The new server will appear in the Servers list: click on it once to highlight it and then key +. This sends a “GCFPING” packet to which all GCF servers will reply. The address of your NAM will appear in the control pane as shown below:

In this case, a single acknowledgement response (GCFACKN) was received and it came from the address 192.168.42.32 so this is the address of the NAM. If there are more than one NAM (or other GCF servers) on the network, multiple GCFACKN packets will be reported.

3.5 Using the web interface

Once the NAM is powered up and you have configured or determined its IP address, you can access the web interface by entering the IP address of the unit in the address bar of your web browser. You can use either HTTP or HTTPS: HTTPS provides encrypted connections which are desirable if you are accessing the NAM via an insecure network or over the Internet.

For example, if your NAM has an IP address of 192.168.0.101, you can access its web interface by entering either

http://192.168.0.101

or

https://192.168.0.101

3.6 Operation

The NAM runs Platinum firmware which has been developed specifically for the Güralp Systems range of data acquisition products, including the EAM and nTDE instruments. Platinum includes features for data collection, processing, storage, forwarding and protocol conversion and well as digitiser and instrument configuration and control facilities.

There are many features of Platinum firmware on the NAM which you may wish to explore and enable. Full details are provided in the Platinum manual, MAN-EAM-0003, which should be read in conjunction with this document and is available for download from www.guralp.com/documents/MAN-EAM-0003.pdf.

The rest of this section discusses features of the NAM which differ from or are not mentioned in the Platinum manual.

3.6.1 The LCD display

The front-panel LCD display is not mentioned in the Platinum manual: it scrolls through several pages of status information, showing the same content as the “System status” page of the web interface, including the current IP address.

3.6.2 Connectors

3.6.2.1 Serial Console

The serial CONSOLE connector is not configurable via Platinum: it is permanently configured as a terminal running at 115,200 Baud. You can access the command line of the NAM by connecting a terminal emulator to this port. Set your emulator to 8 data bits, 1 stop bit and no parity bits (8-N-1) and disable both hardware (XON/XOFF) and software (RTS/CTS) flow control.

3.6.2.2 Ports A, B and C

Ports A, B and C are general purpose serial connections that can be configured for a wide variety of purposes. They are identified within the user interface as PortA, PortB and PortC. See the Platinum manual, MAN-EAM-0003, for more details.

Note that Port C presents an RS422 interface, allowing cable runs of up to 1,500 metres.

3.6.2.3 USB

Each USB connector can be used for multiple purposes, including:

PreviousNext

1. Introduction 2. Connections 3. Getting started 4. Accessories 5. Connector pin-outs 6. Specifications 7. Revision history