Guralp Systems Limited
MAN-BHO-0010 - Güralp 40TB SlimLine - Operator's Guide

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1. Preliminary Notes 2. Introduction 3. Assembling the instrument 4. Installing the 40TB in a borehole 5. Calibrating the 40TB 6. Connector pin-outs 7. Specifications 8. Revision history

Section Index: 3.1. Unpacking and packing 3.2. Handling notes 3.3. Assembling the 40TB 3.4. Disassembling the instrument 3.5. Control units 3.6. Operating the hole-lock

Chapter 3. Assembling the instrument

3.1 Unpacking and packing

The 40TB seismometer is delivered in a single transportation case, with the sensor system and hole-lock mechanism (if ordered) packed separately. The packaging is specifically designed for the 40TB and should be reused whenever you need to transport the sensor. Please note any damage to the packaging when you receive the equipment, and unpack on a clean surface.

The package should contain:

The sensor is securely packed, and you will need to remove most of the foam packing before it can be removed.

3TB-aftac-packing-1  3TB-aftac-packing-2

3.2 Handling notes

The 40TB is a sensitive instrument, and is easily damaged if mishandled. It will not stand vertically upwards without support, and should not be operated until it has been securely installed in a borehole casing. If you are at all unsure about the handling or installation of the device, you should contact Güralp Systems for assistance.

3.3 Assembling the 40TB

The 40TB is delivered separated from the hole-lock unit, so needs to be assembled before the instrument can be installed in a borehole. It is recommended that you perform these steps with the help of at least one other person.

Caution: Make sure your environment is clean and dust free before assembling the unit. Stray fibres or particles cause damage to the “O”-ring seals between the components and may render the sensor unusable. Do not remove the protective caps on the ends of each unit until you are ready.

3.4 Disassembling the instrument

When the instrument is recovered, you may want to disassemble it. To do this, reverse the steps above, bearing in mind the following points:

3.5 Control units

The 40TB is operated from the surface through various control units. All the 40TB's functions can be accessed through one or other unit. Most can be removed from the site once the instrument is ready for use.

Some of these control units are optional and may not have been supplied with your installation. Their functions can be duplicated either by applying voltages directly to control lines (see appendixes for pin-out information) or through a connected Güralp digitizer such as the GüralpDM24. The DM24 digitizer is able to pass commands to the instrument from a Data Communications Module (DCM) or a computer running Güralp Systems' Scream! software, allowing you to access all of the instrument's functions remotely.

3.5.1 The breakout box

The breakout box is normally placed where the signal cable emerges from the borehole. It provides connectors for attaching the various other control units, supplies power to the instrument and relays output signals to a recorder or digitizer.

3.5.1.1 Calibration

To calibrate the instrument, the Calibration enable line must be activated. This operates a relay which allows a calibration signal to flow through the transducer feedback coil. This provides an extra force acting on the sensor masses, producing a corresponding deflection in the output signal, which can be analysed by a control computer to extract the seismometer's response characteristics.

Most Güralp instruments are manufactured with 'active-low' Calibration enable lines. However, instruments with 'active-high' calibration can be manufactured on request.

3.5.2 The hand-held control unit

This portable control unit provides easy access to the seismometer's control commands, as well as displaying the output velocity and mass position (i.e. acceleration) on an analogue meter.

3.5.2.1 Signal meter

The upper section of the HCU contains a simple voltmeter for monitoring various signals from the instrument.

3.5.2.2 Calibration

You can calibrate a 40T sensor through the HCU by connecting a signal generator across the yellow and green CALIBRATION SIGNAL inputs and setting the adjacent switch to ON. The sensor's response can now be monitored or recorded, and calibration calculations carried out. See Chapter 4, page 22, for full details.

3.5.2.3 Mass controls

To zero any offset of the instrument’s mass positions a centre operation can be remotely triggered by holding down both 'enable' and 'centre' switches simultaneously.

3.5.2.4 Banana plugs

The remainder of the HCU provides connections for each of the signal lines from the instrument, for attaching to your own equipment as necessary.

3.6 Operating the hole-lock

The hole-lock, if fitted, can be extended and retracted using the hole-lock control unit:

3TB-hole-lock-control-unit

Warning: The hole-lock may be using high-voltage mains (outlet) power.

3.6.1 Engaging the hole-lock

To extend the jaw of the hole-lock:

3.6.2 Disengaging the hole-lock

To retract the jaw of the hole-lock:

3.6.3 Manual operation

If you prefer, you can operate the hole-lock by applying voltages directly to the sensor.

PreviousNext

1. Preliminary Notes 2. Introduction 3. Assembling the instrument 4. Installing the 40TB in a borehole 5. Calibrating the 40TB 6. Connector pin-outs 7. Specifications 8. Revision history